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    Let's start by summarising everything we know about his strategy:
    Alex required results from about 24 spins in order to predict future outcomes.Agents would wait for the right moment to press the spin button.Brendan Koerner was able to trace the origins of the PRNG algorithm - pseudo rando ...
    This way of cheating slots is not technically a fraud or scam. However, slots are programmed by people, who can make mistakes. A programming error can lead to a software glitch, which can later (consciously or unconsciously) be explored by players.There are many documented instances of software glit ...
    Chip replacementDennis Nikrasch used a different method in a different way. He bought a slot machine to "play" at home and discovered that the machine's chip could be reprogrammed to manipulate the outcome of the game. The reprogrammed chips could then be installed into casino slot ma ...
    Light wandAs slot machines became more technologically advanced and secure, they stopped using mechanical systems to count money. They started using optical sensors, which made the majority of the cheats mentioned before, obsolete. But Carmichael adapted to the change, and figured out a way to fool ...
    Top-bottom jointA top-bottom joint was a tool that consisted of two parts… you guessed it – the top and the bottom, more specifically a metal rod bent to form a circle (the top) and a long guitar string or some other thin wire (the bottom).The top-bottom joint is one of the most well-known tools use ...
    Shaved coinsThe technology used to judge the coins’ validity kept getting better and better, which made tricks like fake coins obsolete, or at least much harder to pull off. Slot machines started using a light sensor to register payments and figure out whether the coins were fake or real.A shaved co ...
    Fake coins or tokensThis kind of slot fraud is very simple. It includes fake coins or anything else slot machines register as a form of payment. If you are able to manufacture something that the machine "thinks" is a coin, you can use it to make money.Of course, you must be able to manufac ...
    There are numerous illegal ways in which slots have been cheated in the past. Most of the recorded slot machine frauds have something to do with hardware manipulation and/or special tools used to "fool" the slot machine and make money.It’s important to point out that hardware manipulations ...
    Alex, a true story, or an urban legend?There is a lot of indirect evidence that the story as described by Alex is true. Authorities wouldn’t have arrested and sentenced his agents in 2 countries if it wasn’t true. Novomatic wouldn’t have investigated slot machine manipulation, and wouldn’t have rele ...
    There is quite a lot of evidence that Alex has managed to successfully apply his strategy on an outdated Aristocrat MK IV slot machine. Aristocrat itself recommends their customers now replace these machines. Despite that, there are still thousands of these machines in many casinos around the world. ...